World Drug Report 2020 | UPSC

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World Drug Report 2020 UPSC

World Drug Report 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

The World Drug report 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking  Celebrations !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Drugs : CDSCO : Reports

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you have to go with the trends this year and most important , remember the countries producing them and the ones who are consuming .

For MAINS what would be an effective strategy to tackle the drug menace in India ?

      ISSUE: 

About 26.9 crore people used drugs in 2018, which was 30% more than the 2009 figure, with adolescents and young adults accounting for the largest share of users, according to the latest United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) World Drug Report.

World Drug Report 2020
An awareness march held in Bikaner on Friday

WORLD DRUG REPORT ANALYSIS 

TITLE

World Drug report 2020

PUBLISHED BY

UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on the International Day Against Drug Abuse celebrated every year on 26th June.

THEME 2020

The theme for the 2020 International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking “Better Knowledge for Better Care”.

This emphasizes the need to improve the understanding of the world drug problem and how in turn, better knowledge will foster greater international cooperation for countering its impact on health, governance and security.

ANNUAL PREVALENCE OF DRUGS

World Drug Report 2020 | UPSC

KEY OBSERVATIONS

  • OPIOID USE HAS INCREASED : Compared with earlier estimates from a survey done in 2004, overall opioid use in India is estimated to have increased fivefold.
  • SEIZURES HAVE QUADRUPLED : Seizures of amphetamines across the world quadrupled between 2009 and 2018.
  • RISING MARKETS : The stimulant scene is dominated by cocaine and methamphetamine, rising in their main markets.
  • HIGHEST PRODUCTIONS : Production of heroin and cocaine remains among the highest levels recorded in modern times.
  • POPULARITY OF DRUGS : While about 19 million people used cocaine in 2018, fuelled by the drug’s popularity in North America and Western Europe.

  26.9 crore people used drugs in 2018: UN report Opioid use jumps fivefold; youth account for major share

EXPANDING MARKETS

  • METH PRODUCTION : Crystalline meth market has grown in Afghanistan and Iraq.
  • In Afghanistan, meth seizures have steadily risen since 2014.

DESIGNER CHEMICALS : Traffickers and manufacturers were using “designer chemicals” as an alternative to synthesise amphetamine, meth and ecstasy.

  • BUDGETARY ISSUES : The report expressed concern about fewer countries taking part in joint drug operations, apparently due to budgetary problems.

ECONOMIC IMPACT

The economic downturn due to COVID-19 may leave people vulnerable to the use and trafficking of illicit drugs.

DRUG USAGE : Drug use is more prevalent in Developed countries but Drug use disorders are more common in developing countries.

Issues of developing countries

  • Poverty
  • Unemployment
  • Stigma and social exclusion
  • Deepen inequalities.

UN OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME:

  • It was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division in the United Nations Office at Vienna.
  • It is a member of the United Nations Development Group and was renamed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in 2002.

FUNCTIONS

  • Comprehensive response to the interlinked issues of illicit trafficking in and abuse of drugs
  • Crime prevention and criminal justice
  • International terrorism
  • Political corruption.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Only one out of eight people who need drug-related treatment receive it and some 35.6 million people suffer from drug use disorders globally.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU | World Drug Report 2020 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Reports for UPSC Prelims 2020

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