World Environment Day 2020 | UPSC

World Environment Day 2020 UPSC

World Environment Day 2020

      HEADLINES:

World Environment Day 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

Indian Navy’s Green Footprint to its Blue Water Operations

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Environment and Ecology:United Nations

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIM it is important to understand the theme this year and how India is celebrating it.

For MAINS note down the major examples like Wajre Urban Forest and key environmental destructions in the past year  which can fetch you more marks in exam .

      ISSUE: 

  Virtual celebrations of the World Environment Day with focus on Urban Forest

  • World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated on 5th June every year.

  This year’s theme is ‘Biodiversity’.

  • In view of the prevalent situation due to COVID-19 pandemic the ministry will be holding virtual celebrations of World Environment Day on this year’s theme theme with focus on Nagar Van (Urban Forests).

India though having less land mass and more human and cattle population has nearly 8 percent of biodiversity.

  • The country is endowed with rich biodiversity having several species of animals and plants and hosts 4 of the 35 global bio-diversity hotspots containing several endemic species.
  • The urban forest will help in creating and enhancing the lung capacities of these cities.
  • The Wajre Urban Forest is now a role model for the rest of the country.

BACKGROUND:

In 1972, the United Nations General Assembly established the World Environment Day on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.

According to United Nations, “The celebration of this day provides us with an opportunity to broaden the basis for an enlightened opinion and responsible conduct by individuals, enterprises, and communities in preserving and enhancing the environment.”

WHY WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY ?

  • The foods we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink and the climate that makes our planet habitable all come from nature.
  • For instance, each year, marine plants produce more than a half of our atmosphere’s oxygen, and a mature tree cleans our air, absorbing 22 kilos of carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen in exchange.
  • Despite all the benefits that our nature give us, we still mistreat it.
  • That is why we need to work on that. That is why we need this Observance.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • World Environment Day, hosted by Colombia this 2020, is the most renowned day for environmental action.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : International Celebrations

 

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