World Hepatitis Day 2020 | UPSC

Spread the love

World Hepatitis Day 2020 _ UPSC

World Hepatitis Day 2020 | UPSC


Dr. Harsh Vardhan participates in 2nd Empathy e-Conclave on “World Hepatitis Day” for creating awareness among parliamentarians

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


For PRELIMS it is important to go through the theme and the initiative .

For MAINS go through the symptoms and treatment . That should suffice your preparation . Let us dive in !


Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that causes a range of health problems, including liver cancer.



World Hepatitis Day is commemorated each year on 28 July to enhance awareness of viral hepatitis.   


This year’s theme is “Hepatitis-free future-WHO,” with a strong focus on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and newborns. 

The theme of this year’s conclave is-

Keep your Liver Safe in COVID times.

World Hepatitis Day 2020 UPSC IASbhai


There are five main strains of the hepatitis virus – A, B, C, D and E.  

  • Together, hepatitis B and C are the most common cause of deaths, with 1.3 million lives lost each year.
  • Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, viral hepatitis continues to claim thousands of lives every day.


WHO goals of elimination of Hepatitis C and of reducing the burden of Hepatitis B are by 2030.

  • The event was organised by Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) in collaboration with Airport Authority of India (AAI) for creating awareness .


  • Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can cause a range of health problems and can be fatal. 
  • While they all cause liver disease.
  • The strains differ in important ways including modes of transmission, severity of the illness and geographical distribution.

In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people.

  • Together they the most common cause of liver cirrhosis, cancer and viral hepatitis-related deaths.
  • An estimated 325 million people worldwide live with hepatitis B and/or C.

Some types of hepatitis are preventable through vaccination.


Many people with hepatitis A, B, C, D or E exhibit only mild symptoms or no symptoms at all.

  • Each form of the virus, however, can cause more severe symptoms.
  • Symptoms of hepatitis A, B and C may include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-coloured urine and jaundice.


  • Safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  • Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with antiviral agents.
  • Treatment can slow the progression of cirrhosis, reduce incidence of liver cancer and improve long term survival.

A vaccine also exists to prevent infections of hepatitis E (HEV), although it is not currently widely available.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • While the mortality due to COVID-19 is approximately 2 to 3 % and most cases are largely asymptomatic cases.
  • It is important to create awareness about the higher risk of both morbidity and mortality faced by people with co-morbidities like diabetes, obesity and fatty liver, chronic liver diseases.

WHO Member States, aims to reduce new hepatitis infections by 90% and deaths by 65% between 2016 and 2030.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | World Hepatitis Day 2020 | UPSC


If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.