World Youth Skills Day 2020 | UPSC

World Youth Skills Day 2020 UPSC

World Youth Skills Day 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Prime Minister, on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day, exhorts Youth to Skill, Reskill and Upskill

      WHY IN NEWS:

Skill India Mission has enhanced opportunities to access employment both locally and globally: PM

MINISTRY? :-Minister of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Skill India Mission

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS World Youth Skills Day 2020 is an important day ! Aim , event and focus should be noted down in your Prelims book .

For MAINS can you figure out employment boosting measures post COVID-19 for youth who lost bread and butter abroad ?

      CONTEXT: 

WORLD YOUTH SKILLS DAY 2020

  • Every year on 15 July, the global community celebrates World Youth Skills Day.
  • World Youth Skills Day 2020 will take place in a challenging context.

AIM

The World Youth Skills Day is an opportunity for young people, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions, and public and private sector stakeholders to acknowledge and celebrate the importance of equipping young people with skills for employment, decent work and entrepreneurship.– (UNGA 2014)

FOCUS

The focus is to take stock of the situation young people face due to the COVID-19 pandemic, celebrate examples of resilience and innovation shown during the crisis by youth around the world.
 

  • This will reflect on how skills development can aid in the short-term need for economic recovery.
  • Plan the recurrent urgency to transition to sustainable development.

THEME

Skills for a Resilient Youth in the Era of COVID-19 and Beyond

World Youth Skills Day 2020

THE EVENT

Virtual celebration that will bring together young people, representatives of member States, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions and the public and private sectors, workers, policy-makers and development partners.

The event is co-organized by the Permanent Missions to the United Nations of Portugal and Sri Lanka, together with UNESCO, the ILO and the Office of the Secretary-General’s Envoy on Youth.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • UNEMPLOYMENT : Rising youth unemployment is one of the most significant problems  for developed and developing countries alike.
  • TRENDS : There has been an upward trend in the number of youth not in employment, education or training (NEET).- Global Employment Trends for Youth 2020

In 2016 there were 259 million young people classified as NEET –  267 million in 2019, and is projected to climb 273 million in 2021.

COVID-19 AND UNEMPLOYMENT MENACE

INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL

  • Worldwide closure of  skills development organizations.
  • Learners were affected by school closures.
  • Systems depends on their capacity to adapt curricula as well as the preparedness of trainers and teachers.

SYSTEMIC LEVEL

  • Under-employment has a lasting impact on essential livelihoods.
  • Transformations in the labour market will also result in changes in skills demands.

World Youth Skills Day 2020

ROLE OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

  • Education and training are central to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.

The vision of the Incheon Declaration: Education 2030 is fully captured by Sustainable Development Goal 4 “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.

EDUCATION 2030 FOCUSES ON

  • Affordable quality Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET);
  • The acquisition of technical and vocational skills for employment,
  • Decent work and entrepreneurship.
  • The elimination of gender disparity and ensuring access for the vulnerable.

ROLE OF TVET

  • TVET is expected to address the multiple demands of an economic, social and environmental nature by helping youth and adults develop the skills they need for employment.

TVET can equip youth with the skills required to access the world of work.

  • TVET can also improve responsiveness to changing skill-demands by companies and communities, increase productivity and increase wage levels.
  • TVET can reduce access barriers to the world of work, for example through work-based learning, and ensuring that skills gained are recognised and certified.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

Ensure that young people around the world continue to have access to quality education and training opportunities   

  • Identify future skills needs and develop responsiveness to short-, medium- and long-term impacts

NATIONAL LEVEL

  • Skill India Mission launched five years back on the same day has led to creation of a vast infrastructure for skilling, reskilling and upskilling and enhancing opportunities to access employment both locally and globally.
  • It has led to hundreds of PM Kaushal Kendras being set up across the country and increase in the capacity of the ITI ecosystem.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | World Youth Skills Day 2020 | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : UN

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