Youth and COVID-19 | ILO Report | UPSC

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Youth and COVID-19 ILO REPORT UPSC

Youth and COVID-19 | ILO Report | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

COVID-19 may push half the world’s youth into anxiety, depression: ILO

      WHY IN NEWS:

The findings of this survey were compiled in the : Impacts on jobs, education, rights and mental well-being report published by the ILO August 11, 2020.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports

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      ISSUE: 

Youth fear the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic, with 38% uncertain about future job prospects

YOUTH AND COVID-19 : ILO REPORT

Youth and COVID-19 | ILO Report UPSC

TITLE

Youth & COVID-19: Impacts on jobs, education, rights and mental well-being

PUBLISHED BY

International Labour Organization.

PARTNERS

Youth and COVID-19 | ILO Report

REPORT ANALYSIS

EMPLOYMENT

  • Even before the COVID-19 outbreak, young people faced a tough labour market.

One in six young people aged 18–29 (17.4 per cent) had stopped working since the onset of the crisis – highlighting the dramatic impact.

  • Younger youth aged 18–24 were more likely to stop working.

Youth and COVID-19 ILO Report UPSC

SOURCES : ILO

  • Most of the job losses among youth resulted from businesses ceasing to operate or else youth being laid-off.
  • Young workers in clerical support, services, sales, and crafts and related trades were more likely to have stopped working.
  • Young workers employed in the private sector in support services and sales-related occupations appear the most vulnerable

Reductions in hours worked, income and self-assessed productivity are highest in low-income and lower middle-income countries.

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Three in five (61 per cent) young people (aged 18–29) were engaged in education and training, with 15 per cent combining education and work.
  • The closure of schools, universities and training centres affected over 73 per cent of the youth surveyed who were in education or training.
  • Nearly one in eight (13 per cent) of young people saw their education and training come to a complete stop, with no courses, teaching or tests set since the pandemic began.

DIGITAL DIVIDE
The transition to online and distance learning appears more widespread among youth in high income countries

  • The outlook for career prospects is dominated by uncertainty and fear, as youth make a gloomy assessment of their ability to complete education and training

Yet young people haven’t given up – about half have sought out new learning opportunities, despite the crisis and school closures.

MENTAL WELLBEING

  • The COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic impacts are expected to affect people’s mental health and well-being, a situation which needs addressing with urgency
  • The mental well-being of young people whose education or work had been disrupted the most since the onset of the pandemic was greatly reduced.

Globally, 1 in 2 (i.e. 50 per cent) of young people aged 18–29 are possibly subject to anxiety or depression.

  • Average mental well-being was lower for young women.
  • Mental well-being during the crisis is shown to be correlated to some extent with age, with younger groups experiencing poorer well-being outcomes.

Aspirations and their realization are an integral part of a young person’s mental well-being.

  • Aspirations play an important role in determining a successful transition into decent work.
Thirty-eight per cent of young people are uncertain of, and 16 per cent are fearful about, their future career prospects.   

YOUTH RIGHTS

  • Youth who were married or had a partner experienced a greater significant impact on their right to freedom from violence than did single youth.

Youth and COVID-19 ILO Report

SOURCES : ILO

Nearly one in four young people (24 per cent) reported a significant impact on their right to information.

  • Young people who had stopped working more often reported their right to housing being affected.

Thirty-eight per cent of young people, globally, are uncertain of, and 16 per cent are fearful about, their future career prospects.   

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Young people’s social activism and behaviours are contributing to mitigating the economic and social impacts of COVID-19, through compliance with government measures, volunteering, donations and outreach.
  • While young people have been highly compliant with stay-at-home measures, they have still managed to stay connected to friends and family.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Youth and COVID-19 | ILO Report

DISCOVER MORE : REPORTS

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